The first day of the Ridwan holiday (21/04)

On April 21, Bahá'ís celebrate the First Day of Ridvan. On this day, Baha'u'llah, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith, first announced His mission publicly in 1863 in a garden near Baghdad. On the First Day of Ridwan, elections are held for the Local Spiritual Assembly, which will govern all affairs in the Baha'i community for the next year.

At the request of Persia, the Turkish government issued an order for the expulsion of Bahá'u'lláh to Constantinople. News of His departure quickly spread among the people of Baghdad and neighboring cities, and many desired to be in His presence and pay their last respects to Him. However, it soon became clear that His house was too small for that purpose.

Then Najib Pasha, one of the representatives of the aristocracy of the city, a former governor, placed his park, Najibiya, at the disposal of Bahá'u'lláh. This beautiful garden, called Ridwan (meaning "Paradise") by the followers of Bahá'u'lláh, was located on the outskirts of Baghdad, on the other side of the river from Bahá'u'lláh's house.