The spring New Year equinox holiday — Navruz, originating in Khorasan ( the historical region in the north-east of Iran ) more than 3000 years ago, almost simultaneously with the emergence of agriculture, spread throughout all neighboring countries. It is currently celebrated in days on which spring equinox is accounted.
The word Navruz ( Novruz, Navruz, Nooruz, Nevruz, Nauryz ) means a new day, its writing and pronunciation may vary from country to country. The date of celebration may also vary.
The roots of Navruz go into Zoroastrism. Navruz is an ancient agricultural holiday, its origin is associated with the emergence of a agricultural calendar. The Firdousi and Omar Hayam, who served at the court of the Turkmen king Melik Shah, associated the emergence of Navruz with the names of the legendary kings Jamshid, Kayumurs and others.
According to ancient custom, before the onset of Navruz, people must carefully clean up houses and around, fully pay off debts.
Round cakes of wheat, barley, millet, corn, beans, peas, lentils, rice, sesame and beans were laid on the festive table.
In Navruz, dishes of seven, mostly plant, products are prepared, the most famous holiday dish is the — dish of the predicted wheat sprouts.
In 2009, Navruz was included in the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, and since 2010, March 21 marks International Navruz Day ( International Day of Nowruz ), established by UN resolution № A / RES/64/253.