Every year, June 25 is the Day of the sailor or, in another way, the Day of the Seafarer ( Day of the Seafarer ).
The decision to celebrate was made in 2010. Member States of the International Maritime Organization, IMO ( English. The International Maritime Organization, IMO ), members of the UN, signed resolution № 19 at a conference in Manila, which served as the basis for the establishment of this international date.
The resolution emphasized that a special day for people of all marine professions is necessary, because the contribution of seafarers to international trade, the global economy and the development of civil society as a whole is invaluable. These words were addressed to 1.5 million professionals who linked their lives to the water element.
The holiday is dedicated specifically to the sailors of the merchant fleet, who, unlike the military sailors, still did not have their holiday — the days of the workers of the sea and river fleet were celebrated mainly by people, not directly related to work at sea. Statistics report that seafarers of the merchant fleet carry out 80% of all world trade activities. In addition, thanks to the work of seafarers, international shipping and communication between the divided oceans and seas peoples have been carried out for many centuries.
The holiday is held under the auspices of IMO and is dedicated to a specific topic every year. The International Maritime Organization — itself is a specialized UN agency responsible for the safety of navigation and the prevention of marine pollution by ships. IMO was formed on March 6, 1948 in Geneva, it consists of 175 member states and 3 associate members ( as of 2022 ).
History has left many glorious pages of exploits of sailors, numerous novels are written about them, news, and films and cartoons are created. Even the opening of the monument to one of the famous cartoon sailors was a great event in America.
But, like any professional holiday, Seafarers Day — is not only an occasion to congratulate « sea wolves ». This is, first of all, an occasion to state the pressing problems faced by modern sailors. One of these problems at the international level is the problem of piracy.
Piracy arose almost simultaneously with the start of shipping, and pirate actions were aimed at seizing ships of all categories. Whereas earlier the waters of Southeast Asia, the coast of Africa and Latin America were considered traditional areas of pirate attack, the problem of piracy in the waters adjacent to the African state of Somalia is now particularly acute.
Back in 1926, the League of Nations Committee of Experts concluded that the issue of piracy is important and « should be among the issues of international law, the resolution of which through an international agreement seems to be highly matured and necessary ». And today, the fight against this evil is waged by all states on all seas and oceans.