Australia Day (26/01)

Australia Day (Australia Day) - the national and favorite holiday of Australians - marks the beginning of the development of the Green Continent by Europeans. On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip landed in Sydney Harbour, raised the British flag and founded the first colony, New South Wales.

This happened 18 years after the discovery of the continent by Captain James Cook.

Philip named the new settlement "Sydney" after Thomas Townshend, the first Viscount of Sydney, Secretary of the British Empire in 1784-89, who gave the order to send the fleet.