Australia Day (26/01)

Australia Day ( Australia Day ) — Australian national and favorite holiday — marks the beginning of the development of the Green continent by Europeans. On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Philip ( Arthur Phillip ) landed in Sydney Bay, raised the British flag and founded the first colony — New South Wales.

This happened 18 years after the opening of the continent by Captain James Cook.

Philip named the new settlement « Sydney » named Thomas Townsend, the first Viscount of Sydney, secretary of the British Empire in 1784 — 89, who ordered the fleet to be sent.

The first fleet consisted of two warships — Sirius and Sapplaya — and nine commercials. There is a record that there were 192 women prisoners on ships, 564 men, 450 sailors, civilian and military personnel, 28 wives and 30 children.

For a long time, the official day off was on Monday, closest to January 26th. Since 1994, the official day off and all celebrations have been on January 26th.

On Australia Day, the landing of the first fleet is reproduced throughout the country, numerous regattas and parades are held. The celebration is marked by numerous fireworks. The largest light shows are held annually in the third largest city in the country — Perte.

On this day, a music festival starts in Sydney, in Adelaide — cricket match. Canberra hosts a live music concert, as well as one of the country's most honorable awards — Australian of the Year. By tradition, the Prime Minister speaks in addressing the nation.

While for most Australians of British descent on January 26 — holiday, many Aborigines perceive it as Trouur Day. As true land owners, Aboriginal people consider this historical fact the beginning of the loss of their rights to live, as they lived for 40 thousand years. Therefore, indigenous Australians are making every effort today to restore these rights and regain respect for their culture and traditions.