The Week of Solidarity with the Peoples Struggling against Racism and Racial Discrimination starts on March 21, International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. On this day in 1960, in Chaperville, South Africa, police opened fire on a peaceful demonstration against the laws of the apartheid regime; 69 people died.
The decision to celebrate the Week of Solidarity was made by the UN General Assembly (resolution 34/24) as part of the program of the first Decade of Action against Racism and Racial Discrimination in 1979.
The resolution of the General Assembly states that all states must take measures to make any dissemination of racist ideas punishable by law. In addition, all UN member states are encouraged to do everything possible to ban the activities of organizations based on racial hatred and prejudice, including fascist and neo-fascist associations, as well as private clubs and institutions that practice racial access criteria.
Despite all the efforts of the world community, cases of racial and ethnic discrimination occur on the planet every day, which hinders the development of mankind. Racism and intolerance can take a wide variety of forms, from the violation of fundamental principles of equality to the incitement of ethnic hatred, which can lead to genocide.
The United Nations has dealt with this issue since its founding, and the prohibition of racial discrimination is enshrined in all key international human rights instruments. In 2001, the World Conference against Racism adopted the most authoritative and comprehensive program to combat this phenomenon, called the Durban Declaration.