Memorial Day of all victims of the use of chemical weapons (30/11)

Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare has been celebrated since 2006. A year earlier, the 10th Conference of the States Parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and Their Destruction was held.

The delegates decided to establish a new international day and chose a date for it - April 29th. On this day in 1997, the Convention entered into force. But in 2015, at its 20th session, the Conference of the States Parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction decided that the Day of Remembrance for All Victims of the Use of Chemical Weapons would be observed annually on November 30, or the first day the beginning of its next session.

For the first time, chemical weapons were used during the First World War (1914-1918), first by Germany, and then by other countries participating in the war. As a result, about 100 thousand people died and a million were poisoned. Later, chemical weapons were used by Italy against Ethiopia, Japan against China, the United States against Korea and Vietnam, during the Iran-Iraq conflict. In 1993, the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction was signed in Paris by plenipotentiaries of 130 states of the world, which entered into force in 1997.