November 17th is World Prematurity Day. It was established in 2009 at the initiative of the European Foundation for the Care of Newborn Infants (EFCNI).
Every year on the planet, about 15 million children are born prematurely, in other words, on average, this is every 10th child born. More than one million of these children die shortly after birth, and many suffer from various types of physical and neurological disabilities or learning disabilities. According to statistics, preterm births are responsible for almost half of all newborn deaths in the world.
Moreover, in recent years there has been a steady increase in the birth of children prematurely. As you know, all newborn children are vulnerable, but those born prematurely are especially vulnerable, and the problem of premature birth remains one of the problems underestimated by society. Doctors are trying to draw attention to this problem, including in Russia, where the number of premature babies born with very low and extremely low body weight is also growing.