Holy Lent is called the days of Great Lent, which lasts exactly seven weeks (weeks). It usually starts in February or March and ends in April-May. At this time, the church calls on believers to be in the closest union of Christian love and peace, not only with living people, but also with the dead, making prayerful commemorations for them on the appointed days.
Memorial days during Great Lent are scheduled for Saturdays of weeks, since on all other days of commemoration of the dead (litanies for the dead, litias, panikhidas, the third, ninth and fortieth days after death, magpies) are not performed at this time - for the reason that there are no daily there is a full liturgy, with which this ritual is associated.
Just in order not to deprive the dead of prayer on the days of the Holy Forty Day, the indicated Saturdays are established. They are called Ecumenical Parental Saturdays, and the memorial services performed on these days are called universal memorial services.
Also on these Saturdays, in addition to commemorating each deceased separately, the church creates a commemoration of all “fathers and brothers in faith who have passed away from the age, who have been honored with a Christian death, as well as those who, being overtaken by sudden death, were not sent to the afterlife by the prayers of the church” . In the circle of the liturgical year, such days of common commemoration are meat-fare and Trinity Saturdays, as well as Saturdays of the second, third and fourth weeks of Great Lent.
On all parental Saturdays, the service is performed according to a special charter.