Day of participants in the elimination of the consequences of radiation accidents and catastrophes and the memory of the victims of these accidents and catastrophes (26/04)

A memorable date celebrated in Russia annually on April 26 - the Day of the participants in the liquidation of the consequences of radiation accidents and disasters and the memory of the victims of these accidents and disasters - appeared in the official calendar of Russian memorable dates seven years after the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, notorious throughout the world.

It was established by a resolution of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation of April 22, 1993, but at first it was called "Day of the Chernobyl disaster - Day of Remembrance of those killed in radiation accidents and disasters." In April 2012, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev approved amendments to the law, according to which the memorable date received a new name. Thus, the changes made made it possible to perpetuate the memory of the dead and pay tribute to the living participants in the liquidation of the consequences of radiation accidents and disasters.

The most famous man-made accident of our time happened on April 26, 1986, when there was an explosion at the fourth power unit of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. As a result, the reactor was completely destroyed, a huge amount of radioactive substances got into the environment. The resulting cloud carried the radionuclides over most of Europe and the Soviet Union. In the Russian Federation, more than 59 thousand square kilometers of territory were contaminated. Nearly 8.4 million people in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus have been exposed to radiation.