Every year on March 23, specialists of the Russian Hydrometeorological Service celebrate their professional holiday. It was established by Decree of the President of the Russian Federation No. 812 “On the Day of Hydrometeorological Service Workers” dated May 19, 2008 and timed to coincide with World Meteorology Day.
The Hydrometeorological Service of Russia has a rich and glorious history. In April 1834, according to the “highest permission”, which had the force of law and signed by Emperor Nicholas I, the Normal Magnetic and Meteorological Observatory was established in St. Petersburg. Since that time, the meteorological network of Russia began to conduct regular meteorological and magnetic observations according to a single guide. Already in the 20th century, there were over 1,400 meteorological observation stations in the country.
However, the civil war and intervention that began after the October Revolution of 1917 caused enormous damage to the observation network. In June 1921, the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR adopted the Decree on the Organization of the Meteorological Service of the RSFSR, which became a new stage in the development of meteorological research. In the 1920s, there was an active process of creating meteorological bureaus in the Union republics, territories and regions.