January 24 is celebrated « the sweet » holiday – International Eskimo Day ( International Eskimo Pie Day ). The date for his establishment was chosen because it was on that day in 1922 that the owner of the candy store in Onava ( Iowa, USA ) Christian Nelson received a Eskimo patent.
Eskimo – is a creamy ice cream on a stick coated with chocolate glaze. Although his story has been around for several millennia ( there is an opinion that already in ancient Rome, Emperor Nero allowed himself such a cold dessert ), but Eskimo is considered to be January 24th. And, of course, the Eskimo – is not just ice cream, it is a symbol of carefree summer days, a taste of childhood, the love of which many have retained for life.
Who and when « invented » Eskimo, who came up with inserting a wand into it, where its name came from ... Few know, and there are a huge number of versions and disputes around these historical events. According to one of the most common, the author of this type of ice cream is a kind of Confectioner culinary specialist Christian Nelson, who invented to cover the briquet of cream ice cream with chocolate glaze. And he called it « Eskimo Pie » ( Eskimo pie ). This happened in 1919, and three years later he received a patent for this his « invention ».
The very word « Eskimo », again according to one version, came from the French, who called it a children's jumpsuit that looked like an Eskimo costume. Therefore, ice cream, « dressed » in a tight-fitting chocolate « combinazone », by analogy, was called Eskimo.
Eskimo – is not just ice cream, it is a symbol of carefree summer days... ( Photo: PonomarenkoNataly, licensed by Shutterstock.com )
It must also be said that this first Eskimo was without a wooden stick – of its current unchanged attribute, and it was acquired only in 1934. Although, primary – Eskimo or stick, it's hard to say. Some stick to the version that the primary wand in ice cream. And they are based on the fact that a certain Frank Epperson, who somehow left a glass of lemonade in the cold, where there was a mixing stick, after a while discovered an ice fruit cylinder with a frozen wand, which was very convenient to eat. So, in 1905, he began to prepare frozen lemonades on a stick, and then this idea was already picked up by Eskimo producers.
Be that as it may, a new variety of ice cream was presented to the world, and by the mid-1930s, Eskimo had acquired fans in many countries and did not lose its huge popularity today.
By the way, the largest number of Eskimo fans in Russia. It appeared in the Soviet Union back in 1937, as it is believed, on the personal initiative of the USSR drug food drug Anastas Mikoyan, who believed that a Soviet citizen should eat at least 5 kg ( in a year!) ice cream. So, originally produced as a treat for amateurs, it changed its status and was assigned to « high-calorie and vitaminized refreshing products, which also have the same therapeutic and dietary properties ». Mikoyan also insisted that ice cream should become a mass food and be produced at affordable prices.
Production specifically was delivered on industrial rails, first only in Moscow – in 1937, the first largest ice cream factory with a capacity of 25 tons was commissioned at Moscow Chladocombinat No. 8 on a day ( before that, ice cream was produced by the artisanal method ). Then a wide advertising company about the new – Eskimo ice cream variety was held in the capital. Very quickly, these glazed ice cream cylinders on a stick became a favorite treat for both children and adults.
Soon, chladocombinates and Eskimo workshops appeared in other Soviet cities. At first it was manufactured in a hand-held metering machine, and only after the Great Patriotic War, in 1947, the first industrial « Eskimo-generator » carousel type ( appeared on Moskhladokombinate number 8 ), which allowed to significantly increase the volume of the produced Eskimo.
Over time, the appearance and composition of the Eskimo ( Photo: Renata Osinska, under the license of Shutterstock.com )
We must pay tribute to the quality control of products, Eskimo was made from high-grade cream – and this is precisely the phenomenon of Soviet ice cream. Any deviation from taste, color or smell was considered a marriage. In addition, the implementation period for ice cream was limited to one week, unlike the modern few months. By the way, Soviet ice cream was loved not only in the homeland, more than 2 thousand tons of the product were exported annually.
Later, the composition and type of Eskimo changed, the glazed cylinders were replaced by ovals, parallel buckets and other figures, the ice cream itself began to be made not only from cream, but also from milk, or its derivatives. The composition of the glaze – has changed, glaze with vegetable fats and dyes have replaced natural chocolate. The list of Eskimo manufacturers has expanded. Therefore, today everyone can choose their favorite Eskimo from a wide list of food products on the market.
But, regardless of preferences, on International Eskimo Day, all lovers of this treat can eat it with a special meaning, thus celebrating this holiday. The main thing to remember is that according to the current GOST in Russia, Eskimo can only be on a stick and in the glaze, otherwise it is not Eskimo.
By the way, it’s not necessary to buy this cold treat in the – store you can make it at home using simple and useful products. The recipes of the home Eskimo are not at all complicated, and are available even for inexperienced cookers.