It is impossible to imagine modern Japan without the Meiji period, and it is impossible to talk about the Meiji period without mentioning Emperor Meiji (November 3, 1852 - July 30, 1912, the 122nd Emperor of Japan). Culture Day (文化の日, Bunka-no Hi) coincides with his birthday and is a public holiday.
Established in 1927 and observed annually on November 3rd, Meiji Celebration Day symbolized the celebration of the birthday of Emperor Meiji, the reformist ruler. In 1948, the day under this name was abolished, and the “Day of Culture” was established by the Law on National Holidays. The ideological meaning of the new holiday was determined by the same law: "To love freedom and peace, to promote the development of culture." Thus, the name of Emperor Meiji disappeared from the name of the holiday, but there is no doubt that it was during the Meiji period that the "cultural revolution" took place in Japan.
Culture Day is also a nationwide day off, allowing the Japanese to spend time with benefits for the mind and soul. The ancient capitals of Japan, Kyoto and Nara, sea and mountain resorts, national parks and hot springs, which do not lack tourists on other days, are ready for pilgrimage of Japanese and foreign tourists on Culture Day. Many museums, exhibition halls and art galleries provide visitors with the opportunity to enjoy cultural treasures free of charge.