Every year on May 18, the Republic of Crimea celebrates the Day of Remembrance of the Victims of the Deportation of the Peoples of Crimea. This memorable date was established by the decision of the Supreme Council of Crimea in 1994 and confirmed by the republican law of March 3, 2015, as a tribute to the memory and inseparability of the destinies of the multinational people of Crimea.
The history of Russia knows many sad dates and tragic events, including the deportation and forced eviction of hundreds of thousands of residents of the Crimean peninsula on a national basis. It was on May 18, 1944 that the first echelon of Crimean Tatars, Greeks, Bulgarians, Germans, Armenians and other peoples inhabiting Crimea was sent to Central Asia from Crimea. Their deportation was carried out on unlawful accusations by the USSR authorities of "mass desertion" from the Red Army, as well as in cooperation with the German occupation forces during the Great Patriotic War and the participation of Crimean Tatars in collaborationist formations that were on the side of Nazi Germany.
It must be said that the Crimean Tatars appeared on the peninsula in the 13th century, forming the Crimean ulus of the Golden Horde, and after its collapse in 1443, the Crimean Khanate arose, which in 1783 became part of the Russian Empire. The Greek colonization of the peninsula began in the 6th century BC. with the creation of the Bosporan state and the Chersonesus Republic. The basis of the ethnic community of the Greeks of Crimea was the Greek battalion, which took part in the Crimean War, and then left by Potemkin to protect the Crimean coast from Sevastopol to Feodosia. These Greeks were settled in Balaklava and nearby villages and entered the ethnographic history of the Crimea as "Balaklava Greeks", or "Arnauts".