Memorial Day of all the departed faithful of Western Christians (02/11)

Traditionally, on November 2, following All Saints' Day, the Catholic Church celebrates the Day of Remembrance of All the Faithful Departed (lat. In Commemoratione Omnium Fidelium Defunctorum). Unlike All Saints' Day, this is, first of all, the commemoration of deceased relatives and friends. Therefore, it is also called All Souls Day.

The veneration of the dead has been an inseparable part of the history of mankind since its very beginning. It is an organic component in the beliefs of both primitive and modern man. Its manifestations are varied. On the one hand, this is reverence, faith in the protective power of the spirits of deceased ancestors, on the other hand, the fear of their revenge.

The Catholic religion considers the observance of the rites of remembrance an important duty of all believers. All Souls' Day is based on the catholic doctrine of purgatory. People should remember those who have passed away, but are in purgatory and must be cleansed of sins. Good deeds and prayers, repentance of the living and those who remember the departed can shorten the period of purification.

The Day of Remembrance of the Dead was established by Abbot Odilo of Cluniy in 998. Commemoration of the dead began already in the early Middle Ages. Under the influence of the Cluniac Reform, this custom soon spread.

On this day, it is customary to visit cemeteries, where they put the graves in order, decorate them with greenery and flowers, put burning candles. This is often accompanied by prayers and chants. In the evening, a family meal is held at home. In some countries this day is called the Day of the Dead.