Independence Day of Latvia (18/11)

Every year on November 18, Latvia celebrates an important public holiday - Independence Day, or the Day of Proclamation of the Republic of Latvia (Latvian: Latvijas Republikas Proklamēšanas diena).

After the end of the First World War, when Latvia was still actually occupied by German troops, on November 18, 1918, the "Act of Independence" was proclaimed in Riga, according to which Latvia became an independent state, and the bourgeois government of Karlis Ulmanis, supported by the Entente, came to rule the country.

However, for another two years military operations continued in Latvia - there was a civil war, the main participants of which were the national bourgeois government of K. Ulmanis, supported by the Entente, and the social democratic forces (Bolsheviks), supported by Soviet Russia. As a result, on August 11, 1920, a peace treaty between Russia and Latvia was signed in Riga, in which the RSFSR recognized the Republic of Latvia as an independent state.