July 17 is World International Criminal Justice Day, or International Justice Day. The holiday was established in honor of the adoption on this day in 1998 of the Rome Statute - the treaty that formed the basis for the creation of the International Criminal Court, ICC (English International Criminal Court, ICC).
Work on this founding document of the ICC began as early as December 1948, when the UN General Assembly approved the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crimes of Genocide and invited the International Law Commission "to consider the question of the desirability and possibility of establishing an international legal body to which the consideration of cases of persons accused of committing the crime of genocide is entrusted.
But the official adoption of the Rome Statute did not take place until half a century later. So, on July 15-17, 1998, a Diplomatic Conference of Plenipotentiaries under the auspices of the UN was held in Rome, at which a convention was adopted on the establishment of the ICC - the first international permanent criminal justice body authorized to prosecute those guilty of the most inhuman crimes. On July 17, the conference participants signed the Rome Statute. This treaty entered into force on 1 July 2002, after 60 States became parties to the Statute through ratification or accession.