International Day for the End of Impunity for Crimes Against Journalists (02/11)

The International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists (IDEI) is celebrated annually on November 2 in the UN system of international days. It was established in 2013 by a resolution of the General Assembly (A/RES/68/163) in order to draw the attention of the world community to the alarming situation that limits the ability of journalists to carry out their work and undermines the public's right to receive reliable information.

The date for the establishment of the Day was chosen in memory of two French journalists who, on the instructions of the editors, covered the course of the armed conflict in Mali - Ghislaine Dupont and Claude Verlon. They were abducted and killed by militants on November 2, 2013. This crime caused a public outcry, and as a result, the UN adopted a document condemning violence against members of the press and obstruction of their duties. After all, according to international humanitarian law, media workers working in areas of armed conflict must be protected and respected by representatives of all warring parties.

The focus on combating impunity is linked to the alarming state of journalism: between 2006 and 2020, more than 1,200 journalists were killed globally while covering breaking news and delivering information to the public. Thus, in 2012, according to UNESCO, 124 media workers were killed, in 2014 - 98, and in 2015 - 115 journalists. In Ukraine alone, since 2014, 17 media workers have died, including Russian journalists Anton Voloshin, Igor Kornelyuk, Andrei Stenin, Anatoly Klyan, and Italian photojournalist Andrea Rocchelli.