International Education Day (24/01)

By its resolution of December 3, 2018 ( A / RES / 73/25 ), the UN General Assembly proclaimed January 24 as International Education Day ( International Day of Education ), recognizing its role in achieving peace and development.

The draft resolution was proposed by the delegation of Nigeria at the Global Conference on Education, held in Brussels, and supported by 58 Member States, which demonstrated the political will to support inclusive, affordable and quality education for all.

The resolution recognizes the importance of education for sustainable development and emphasizes that education can increase individual productivity and increase the potential for economic growth, contribute to the eradication of poverty and hunger, and promote health and gender equality.

The document also states that efforts must be made to ensure the inclusiveness and fairness of all educational institutions, including primary, secondary, university and vocational training, so that everyone can take the opportunity to learn all their lives and, therefore, fully participate in society and contribute to sustainable development.

Education is the right of everyone, which is enshrined in Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. She calls for free primary education for everyone. And the Convention on the Rights of the Child, adopted in 1989, contains a provision on the obligation of states to ensure the accessibility of higher education for all.

After all, education provides an opportunity to get out of poverty and ensure future well-being. However, according to UN data, currently 258 million children and adolescents do not attend school; 617 million children and adolescents do not have basic reading and math skills; less than 40% girls in sub-Saharan Africa receive primary secondary education and about four million refugee children and young people do not attend school. These children suffer from poverty, discrimination, armed conflict, emergencies and the effects of climate change. Migration and forced displacement also have a negative impact on education.

Russia is committed to fulfilling the Sustainable Development Goal on inclusive quality education for all. Coverage of general education in the Russian Federation is more than 99%, and the availability of preschool education, as of January 1, 2021, is estimated at 98%. The national project "Education", implemented in the country, is aimed at solving two key tasks – is ensuring the global competitiveness of Russian education and Russia's becoming one of the 10 leading countries in the world in terms of the quality of general education, as well as – the education of a harmoniously developed and socially responsible person based on the spiritual and moral values of the peoples of the Russian Federation, historical and national-cultural traditions.

According to Rosstat, there are more than 40 thousand organizations in the country that carry out educational activities in the educational programs of primary, basic and secondary general education, and more than 720 higher educational institutions. In Russia, more than 650 specialties are being implemented undergraduate, graduate, specialist, graduate school ( residency, adjuncture ), and internship assistants. In addition, there are many benefits for students receiving secondary vocational and higher education. Russia – is one of the few countries that provide foreigners with the opportunity to receive free training on a budgetary basis.

The General Assembly invited all Member States, organizations of the United Nations system, other international and regional organizations and civil society organizations, non-governmental organizations, religious organizations, academic institutions, private sector organizations, individuals and other relevant stakeholders to duly celebrate International Education Day.

The General Assembly entrusted key events for the celebration of the Day to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO ) as a specialized UN agency for education.