The celebration of the Day of the Pediatrician is inextricably linked with the celebration of the World Day of the Child, leading its history since 1954, when the UN General Assembly gave relevant recommendations to the UN member states.
On November 20, 1959, the UN General Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. This document, the adoption of which was a logical continuation of the adoption in 1948 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, proclaimed the basic principles for the protection of childhood. Further documentary international legal development in the field of protection of children's rights took place thirty years later, in 1989, when the UN adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child in addition to the normative acts already in force.
Following the recommendations of the UN, most of the member countries of this organization have established the celebration of the World Children's Day, coinciding it with the day the UN adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. This holiday, aimed at ensuring the well-being of children around the world, in many countries began to be celebrated simultaneously with the Day of the Pediatrician - a doctor who has been protecting the health of children from the moment they are born. Among all medical specialties, it is pediatrics that guards the health of the child first. That is why both holidays go hand in hand in many countries of the world.