On January 4, 2019, for the first time, a holiday dedicated to the invention of the French typhlopedagogue Louis Braille was celebrated - World Braille Day, which was established by a resolution of the UN General Assembly (A / RES / 73/161) on December 17, 2018, in order to raising awareness of the importance of Braille as a means of communication for the full realization of the human rights of blind and visually impaired people.
Louis Braille was born at the beginning of the 19th century in France in the family of a shoemaker and saddler. The accident led to the fact that at the age of five the boy was blind. Fortunately, his parents made great efforts to ensure that the child received an education. He attended a school for blind children and studied there according to the then-existing relief-linear type by V. Hayuy. Soon the teenager drew attention to the letter coding system used in the army and invented by Captain Charles Barbier, called the “night font”. This system was used to read in the dark by touch.
In 1824, Louis Braille creates an alternative version of the alphabet for blind people to the Haüy linear relief font used. This alphabet was based on a tactile embossed dot font. It was a system of coding letters and numbers using certain combinations of raised dots. The font invented by Louis Braille turned out to be very convenient, despite the fact that its first assessment by doctors was negative. The invention has become widespread throughout the world, it is used in typhlopedagogy at the present time.