The Day of Liberation from Nazism and German Occupation (Festa della Liberazione) during the Second World War is a national holiday in Italy.
On April 25, 1945, the fascist dictator Benito Mussolini fled Milan, and a new era began in the history of the country - the movement of armed resistance and the struggle for democracy.
In April 1945, a general strike and armed uprising broke out in German-occupied Northern Italy. Partisans and rebels in bloody battles liberated hundreds of cities in Northern and Central Italy even before the arrival of the Allied troops.
In addition, this general armed uprising played a huge role in saving the industrial potential of Northern Italy from the destruction of the retreating Nazi troops and created the prerequisites for the further consolidation of the democratic forces of the country. And April 25, the day of the beginning of the general liberation uprising, was declared a national holiday in Italy. And today, on this day, commemorative events are held in many cities of the country.
In Rome, in the park at Villa Torlonia, which served as the residence of Benito Mussolini for 18 years, the Italian Museum of the Holocaust is located. The Holocaust Remembrance Foundation, directed by Steven Spielberg, contributed to the creation of the memorial.