Recognizing the value of the culture of different peoples, striving to preserve the cultural diversity and traditions of the peoples of the world, the UN General Assembly on June 20, 2019 adopted a resolution (A / RES / 73/300), according to which a holiday was established, celebrated annually on June 21. It is called the International Day of the Celebration of the Solstice.
By establishing the holiday, the UN sought to emphasize the importance of this calendar event in the culture of many indigenous peoples, its connection with their way of life, traditions and beliefs. Being an astronomical phenomenon in itself, the solstice represents the highest and lowest position of the sun relative to the celestial equator. This day (summer solstice) is often referred to as "the longest day of the year." In the culture of different peoples, together with the winter solstice, it played a big role, and the traditions of its celebration among different peoples were very rich.
Symbolizing the fertility of the land, traditional food production systems, the connection with the cultural traditions of the agricultural system of indigenous peoples from around the world, this memorable date is aimed at cultural cohesion and unity based on identity, identifying common elements of cultures of different peoples. Achieving harmony based on the preservation of cultural diversity, according to the members of the UN General Assembly, is the best way to serve the goals of sustainable development of the world community.
The memorable date recognizes the celebration of the Solstice Day in its various forms, taking into account the cultural specifics of different peoples, without driving the celebration into rigid monotonous forms. By establishing this memorable date, the UN General Assembly recalled the principles laid down in the Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity, the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the need to implement the principles of international cooperation not only in politics and economics, but also in the cultural and social spheres.
The UN calls on the governments of all countries of the world not to interfere with the celebration of the Solstice Day by small and indigenous peoples, allowing them, within the framework of generally accepted norms of law, to perform ritual actions. Increasing the level of awareness of the population of countries about the traditions and culture of indigenous peoples with an explanation of certain ritual actions dedicated to the Day of the Solstice is also welcomed by the United Nations.