Commonwealth Day (Commonwealth Day) is an annual holiday of 54 countries participating in the international community of the Commonwealth of Nations (until 1947 - the British Commonwealth of Nations), an association of independent states that were previously part of the British Empire, recognizing the British monarch as a symbol of free unity. Commonwealth Day is celebrated on the second Monday of March and is dedicated to a specific theme each year.
The legal status of the Commonwealth of Nations is defined by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 (clarified in 1947). There is a Commonwealth Secretariat, annual conferences of Commonwealth countries are held. In Great Britain, the post of Minister for Commonwealth Affairs has been established in the government.
After the British Empire lost 13 American colonies, leaving behind Canada, India, some possessions in the West Indies and a number of scattered and remote settlements, two political lines emerged in the mother country. The first assumed an orientation towards the expansion of British influence in India and the Far East.