Day of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Navy is an annual holiday celebrated on May 13 in honor of the creation of the Black Sea Fleet. The day was established by order of the Commander-in-Chief of the Navy of the Russian Federation No. 253 dated July 15, 1996.
In the spring of 1783, after the annexation of Crimea to Russia, Empress Catherine II signed a decree establishing the Black Sea Fleet.
(2) On May 13, 1783, 11 ships of the Azov flotilla entered the Akhtiar Bay, located in the southwestern part of the Crimean peninsula of the Black Sea, under the command of vice-admiral F.A. Klokachev. Later, 17 ships of the Dnieper flotilla joined them, these first 28 ships became the combat core of the nascent fleet.