On June 2, Italians remember the important events that took place in 1946 and celebrate Republic Day (Italian: Festa della Repubblica Italiana). This day is considered the birth of a new system of government in the state - from that day Italy ceased to be a monarchy and switched to a republican system of government.
After the end of World War II and the fall of fascism, a constitutional referendum was held in Italy, in which citizens were asked to choose their preferred state system: a monarchy or a republic. And so, on June 2, 1946, the entire population of Italy (for the first time, including even women!) Came to the polls.
Almost 55% of those who voted were in favor of the republic, which meant that the country decided to say goodbye to the monarchy forever, proclaim the Republic, switch to a republican system of government and elect members of the assembly, who were subsequently entrusted with the important duty of creating a new Italian Constitution. Therefore, June 2 in Italy is considered to be the birthday of the Republic.
The holiday is public in accordance with the law on the National Holiday, signed on November 20, 2000 by the President of Italy.
Usually on this day, military parades and many festive and entertainment events are held in large cities. In Rome, along the Avenue of the Imperial Forums from the Colosseum to the foot of the Capitol, festive columns pass, which include representatives of all military branches. Eurofighter fighter jets fly over the sky over the center of Rome, spraying the colors of the national flag of Italy in the air.