Every year on May 28, residents of Armenia celebrate a public holiday - Republic Day, which is a non-working day in the country. The second name of this holiday is the Day of Restoration of Sovereignty. On May 28, 1918, the independence of Armenia was restored, which had been under the yoke of various conquerors for more than six centuries.
Divided between the Ottoman Empire and Persia in 1639, Armenia remained relatively stable until the fall of the Safavid dynasty in 1722. Around this time, Russian expansion into this region begins. Russia annexed Persian Armenia in 1813-1827 and part of Turkish Armenia in 1828 and 1878. In the 1870s, an Armenian national movement was born, whose leaders tried to benefit for themselves from the rivalry of the great powers of the time, who tried to subjugate the Ottoman Empire.
Shortly after the outbreak of the First World War, the Turks set about solving the "Armenian question" by forcibly expelling all Armenians from Asia Minor. The Armenian soldiers who served in the Turkish army were demobilized and shot, women, children and the elderly were forcibly expelled into the deserts of Syria. Estimates of the death toll vary widely, ranging from 600,000 to 1 million.