Russia Day is an important public holiday of the Russian Federation, celebrated annually on June 12. Until 2002, it was referred to as the Day of the Declaration of State Sovereignty of Russia. This is one of the "youngest" public holidays in the country.
On June 12, 1990, the first Congress of People's Deputies of the RSFSR adopted the Declaration on the State Sovereignty of Russia, which proclaimed the primacy of the Constitution of Russia and its laws. By that time, many republics of the USSR had already made a decision on their sovereignty, so this document was adopted in conditions where the republics became independent one after another. An important milestone in the strengthening of Russian statehood was the adoption of a new name for the country - the Russian Federation (Russia).
By the way, it was on June 12, in addition to “independence”, that Russia also gained its first President - on this day, but already in 1991, the first nationwide open presidential elections were held in the history of the country, in which B.N. Yeltsin. It was he who, by his decree No. 1113 of June 2, 1994, gave June 12 a state significance, and the holiday itself was called the Day of the Declaration of the State Sovereignty of the Russian Federation. Later, for simplicity, it was called Independence Day.