Yom a-Shoa is Holocaust Remembrance Day (28/04)

The Day of the Holocaust and Heroism of European Jewry, Yom HaShoah, is established in memory of the six million Jews who were exterminated by the Nazis during World War II.

Anti-Semitism, as an ideology and a political movement aimed at combating the Jews, arose in Germany in the late 70s of the 19th century. Gradually, anti-Semitism became an integral part of the program of political parties and a weapon in the political and propaganda struggle.

A new upsurge of militant anti-Semitism appeared in Germany at the end of the First World War, but it did not reach the broad circles of the population in this country until after its defeat and the coming to power of the National Socialists. With the glorification of "race", "blood" and other symbols included in the arsenal of nationalist myth-making, anti-Semitism spread among the broad sections of the German public. The crisis that paralyzed the world economy in the 1930s caused anti-Semitism in Germany to take on ever more extreme forms.