Shavuot (05/06)

Shavuot is the holiday of giving the Torah, that is, the moral law, to the free Jewish people. It is celebrated on the 6th of the Jewish month of Sivan and is a public holiday in Israel.

In Hebrew, the word "Shavuot" means "weeks" - seven weeks, the countdown of which begins on the second day of Passover. According to legend, on that day Moses received the tablets of the Covenant with the Ten Commandments on Mount Sinai. The commandments contain the foundations of all human morality, without which no nation and no person can do. In addition, Moses received oral commandments, some of which he wrote down (the result was a scroll of the Pentateuch - the Written Torah), and part - the Oral Torah - were written down only 1500 years after the destruction of the Second Temple. The record of the Oral Torah is a multi-volume work - the Talmud, as well as many other books, in turn united by the common name Midrash.

Like many other Jewish holidays, Shavuot celebrates not only a certain historical event, but also the onset of a new season of the year, the completion of another agricultural cycle. Shavuot was celebrated at the beginning of the wheat harvest season. This is the last of the three pilgrimage feasts. In ancient times, on this day, the second offering of wheat from the new crop was made in the Temple. Two loaves were baked from freshly milled wheat and carried to the Temple. The other sacrifice was the very best first fruits, the first fruits.