The Day of Remembrance for Victims of Political Repressions was established by the Decree of the Supreme Council of the RSFSR No. 1763/1-I of October 18, 1991 and is celebrated annually in Russia on October 30.
The date for establishing a memorial day was chosen in memory of the hunger strike of camp prisoners that began on October 30, 1974 in Mordovia, which political prisoners announced as a protest against political repressions in the USSR and against the inhuman treatment of prisoners in prisons and camps.
It is impossible to calculate the exact number of all victims of the totalitarian regime. According to the Commission for Rehabilitation under the President of the Russian Federation, there are millions of innocently repressed people, and a significant number of them have not been taken into account anywhere. According to the surviving documents, only in the period from 1921 to 1953, 4.6 million people were repressed. It is important to remember that the number of victims includes not only the repressed themselves, but also their children, who, as a result of persecution, were left without parental care.