International Day against Fascism, Racism and Anti-Semitism (09/11)

November 9 is International Day Against Fascism, Racism and Antisemitism around the world. It was established at the initiative of the UNITED International Network Against Racism, which unites more than 560 organizations from 46 countries.

On the night of November 9-10, 1938, a massive Jewish pogrom began in Germany, called "Crystal Night" (Crystal Night / Kristallnacht), or "Night of Broken Windows". It became the first mass act of physical violence of the Third Reich against Jews. Then the Nazis killed more than 90 people, 30 thousand Jews were captured and sent to concentration camps. Hundreds of synagogues were burned to the ground and thousands of shop windows owned by Jews were smashed, hence the name of the pogrom.

These events in 1938 marked the beginning of the Holocaust - mass violence against the Jewish people, which led to the death of about 6 million Jews.