Guru Nanak Jayanti - Guru Nanaka's birthday (08/11)

The birthday of the founder of the teachings of Sikhism, the first Sikh Guru Nanak (Guru Nanak Jayanti) falls on the full moon of the month of Kartik. According to the Gregorian calendar, the holiday is celebrated in November, but the date varies from year to year according to the dates of the traditional Indian calendar.

Guru Nanak was born in Talvandi near the city of Lahore (now in Pakistan) in 1469. Nanak's views were formed under the influence of the Hindu reformist teachings of "bhakti" and Sufism (a mystical-ascetic trend in Islam) and reflected the protest of urban artisan merchants against the caste system and feudal oppression.

Nanak strongly opposed caste hatred, caste discrimination and the complex religious ritual of the Hindus, as well as against the fanaticism and intolerance of Muslim rulers. The basis of his teaching was the non-recognition of the division of people into castes and the preaching of their equality before God, which immediately attracted peasants to the new creed and turned Sikhism into a mighty force.