On February 24, Estonia celebrates the main public holiday - Estonian Independence Day (Est. Eesti Vabariigi aastapäev), in honor of the adoption on this day in 1918 in Tallinn of the Declaration of Independence of the country.
It is the date of February 24, 1918, when the independence of the country was proclaimed by the Salvation Committee, that is considered today the date of the formation of the Republic of Estonia.
Estonia gained independence after World War I and the Estonian War of Independence (1918–1920). In 1940, Estonia came under the control of the Soviet Union as a result of the signing of the German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact (Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact) and its secret protocol.