Day of the Paris Commune (18/03)

Day of the Paris Commune is celebrated by the working people of the world in commemoration of the victory on March 18, 1871 of the first proletarian revolution. The decision to celebrate March 18 as the first successful attempt by the workers to seize political power was taken on February 20, 1872 by the General Council of the 1st International.

The Paris Commune (La Commune de Paris) was the revolutionary government formed in Paris during the revolutionary events of 1871. After the establishment of a truce between France and Prussia during the Franco-Prussian War, unrest began in Paris, which grew into a revolution.

As a result of the revolution, self-government was established, which lasted from March 18 to May 28, 1871. The Paris Commune was headed by representatives of the socialist and anarchist parties. The leaders of both currents proclaimed the Paris Commune the first model of the dictatorship of the world proletariat.

Despite the fact that on May 28 the revolution was defeated, the Day of the Paris Commune became a symbol of the victory of the proletariat in the struggle for power. This date went down in history as the accomplishment of the world's first proletarian revolution.

Until 1917, the Day of the Paris Commune was celebrated in Russia at illegal meetings of workers and revolutionary organizations. This revolutionary day for the first time began to be widely celebrated after the Central Committee of the International Organization for Assistance to the Fighters of the Revolution (MOPR) in March 1923 declared the Day of the Paris Commune its holiday (it was celebrated until 1990).