The day of the Paris commune is celebrated by the working people of the world to commemorate the victory of March 18, 1871 of the first proletarian revolution.
The decision to celebrate March 18 as the first successful attempt by workers to seize political power was made on February 20, 1872 by the General Council of the 1st International.
The Paris commune ( La Commune de Paris ) was called the revolutionary government formed in Paris during the revolutionary events of 1871. After the armistice between France and Prussia during the Franco-Prussian War in Paris, unrest began, which grew into a revolution.
As a result of the revolution, self-government was established, which lasted from March 18 to May 28, 1871. Representatives of the parties of socialists and anarchists headed the Paris commune. The leaders of both movements proclaimed the Paris commune as the first example of the dictatorship of the world proletariat.
Despite the fact that on May 28 the revolution was defeated, but the Day of the Paris Commune became a symbol of the victory of the proletariat in the struggle for power. This date has gone down in history as the completion of the world's first proletarian revolution.
Until 1917, the Day of the Paris Commune was celebrated in Russia at illegal meetings of workers and revolutionary organizations. This revolutionary day was first celebrated after the Central Committee of the International Organization for Assistance to the Revolution Fighters ( MOPR ) in March 1923 declared the Day of the Paris Commune its holiday ( celebrated until 1990 ).