Every year on August 30, Turkey celebrates the great public holiday — Victory Day ( tour. Zafer Bayramı ) in honor of a decisive victory over the Greek occupiers and in memory of those killed in the Battle of Dumlupinar, which ended the war for Turkish independence in 1922.
The Battle of Dumlupinar ( Battle of Dumlupinar ) was the last in the Greek-Turkish war of 1919 — 1922, which, in turn, was part of the Turkish War of Independence. The Turkish army was led by Mustafa Kemal ( Mustafa Kemal, 1881-1938 ) — in the future Turkish politician, first president of the Republic of Turkey.
On August 26, 1922, Mustafa Kemal ordered the enemy to attack, and on August 30 the largest four-day battle at Dumlupinar ended, in the province of Kutahya ( Kütahya ), in which the Turkish army inflicted a crushing defeat on the Greek troops, forced to retreat to Izmir ( Izmir ). Turkish troops entered the city after the Greeks and set it on fire — Izmir was completely destroyed, and civilian casualties — are innumerable. To this day, the Greeks and Turks hold each other responsible for that terrible fire.
On October 20, 1922, a peace conference was held in Lausanne, in which representatives of Great Britain, France, Italy, Turkey and other countries took part. The treaty signed in Lausanne consolidated Turkey’s independence and firmly established its borders. He also regulated the exchange of population between Greece and Turkey.
On Victory Day throughout the country, under the accompaniment of the Yanychar March, designed to strengthen the connection of times in the mass consciousness, concerts, military parades and militarized ceremonies are held.
This day ( Zafir Bairam ) is also celebrated by Turkish Cypriots.