Juana Ines de la Cruz (Spanish: Juana Inés de la Cruz) - Mexican poetess, hieronymous nun - was born on November 12, 1651, near Mexico City, in the village of San Miguel de Nepantla. Her parents are not supposed to have been married, which is why Juana and her two older sisters are recorded in the parish registers as "Children of the Church", that is, illegitimate.
By the age of 6, she learned to write, sew and embroider, which in those days constituted the complete education of a woman. By the age of eight, Juana had read her grandfather's entire library, including books on philosophy, theology, and medicine.
At the age of 9, she parted with her family: her mother sent her to Mexico City to her uncle and aunt, wealthy relatives who entered the viceroy's palace. By a lucky chance, they saw the ability in the girl, giving Juana the opportunity to study. The new course of self-education included literature, natural sciences, mathematics, philosophy, theology and foreign languages. To all this, Juana grew into a beauty: wide-set light brown eyes, a high forehead, a straight nose, graceful hands, a charming smile, a lively and friendly character - all this could not but attract people to her.