The autumn feast of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God is a holiday in honor of the day of the liberation of Moscow and Russia from the Poles in 1612.
For a long time in Russia this day was celebrated as a public holiday. The whole country glorified one of the most beloved Kazan image of the Mother of God, who showed her miraculous intercession for Russia during the Time of Troubles.
In 1737, the revered image of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God was transferred to St. Petersburg to the Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, on the site of which a cathedral (Kazan Cathedral) was built in the 1810s.
The Kazan icon was in the militia led by Kuzma Minin and Prince Dimitri Pozharsky when Russian troops liberated the Kremlin and Moscow from the enemy. In memory of this event, the Kazan Cathedral was erected on Red Square, which was liquidated in the summer of 1936.
November 4, 1993 was marked by a significant event, when the restored Kazan Cathedral was opened in Moscow on Red Square.