The professional holiday - Day of the Advocacy (Ukrainian: Day of the Advocacy), which is annually celebrated in Ukraine on December 19, was established by Decree of the President of the country No. 1121/2002 of December 2, 2002.
According to the Law of Ukraine "On the Bar", which was put into effect by a resolution of the Verkhovna Rada of December 19, 1992 (which is why this day was chosen as the date of the holiday), the Bar of Ukraine "is a voluntary professional public association, called upon, according to the Constitution of Ukraine, to promote protection of the rights, freedoms and represent the legitimate interests of citizens of Ukraine, foreign citizens, stateless persons, legal entities, provide them with other legal assistance.
A lawyer is a defender who is endowed with broad rights in criminal proceedings. Among the basic rights of a lawyer is the right to meet with the accused without limitation of numbers; familiarization with the materials of the case; presenting evidence of innocence or lesser guilt of the accused; appeal against the actions of the investigator, prosecutor or court, and others.
The lawyer is obliged to keep lawyer secret. At the same time, a lawyer should not protect any interest of his client, but only a legitimate one. The means and methods of protection, of course, must be legal and moral.
The purpose of establishing the holiday is to recognize the great social significance of this human rights institution in Ukraine. After all, how effective the activity of the bar is a clear indicator of the level of democracy in the state, as well as its political and economic stability.