Every year on October 12, Brazil celebrates the national religious holiday of the appearance of the Virgin (Nossa Senhora de Aparecida / Holy Mary's Day). This is a national holiday in the country.
In 1717, three fishermen on the banks of the Paraiba River (Paraiba) removed from their nets a terracotta figurine 40 centimeters high, which is believed to be a revealed image of the Holy Virgin. For the next 15 years, the image was in the house of one of the fishermen, Filipe Pedroso.
The rumor about the miracle gradually spread far beyond the region, and many people began to come to worship and pray. Over time, the image of the Holy Virgin Mary was placed in the temple.