On January 1, the Catholic Church celebrates the feast dedicated to the Virgin Mary - the Triumph of the Most Holy Theotokos (lat. In Sollemnitate Sanctae Dei Genetricis Mariae) or the Feast of Mary - the Queen of the World. It completes the Octave of Christmas and is one of the holidays when attendance at mass is obligatory. Known since the 4th century.
Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ, in the Christian tradition is the Mother of God (Mother of God), and the greatest of Christian saints. Various etymologies of the name "Mary" (Heb. Mariam) have been proposed: "beautiful", "bitter", "lady" and "beloved of God". Scholars prefer the latter meaning, which goes back to the ancient Egyptian language and can be explained by the four centuries of Jewish presence in Egypt.
In the Catholic tradition, the virgin birth of the Virgin Mary herself (by her parents) is regarded as a natural condition that prepared her for the role of the mother of the Savior. Her freedom from sin was a special grace, an exception to the general rule, a privilege that Catholic theology (unlike Protestant) claims was bestowed on no other creature.