On January 25, the Protestant Church celebrates the Day of Appeal of the Apostle Paul. According to blessed Augustine, the apostle Paul was one of the pillars of Christianity, he was bestowed on Christianity as a great result of the death of Christian first-year-old Stephen.
Like Stefan, Saul ( Paul ) was not a native of Judea. He grew up in the diaspora, in the capital's Cilician city of Tarsus, at the junction of the cultures of the East and West. Philosophy, sport and trade flourished here. The Saul family had hereditary Roman citizenship, as recalled by his second, Latin name — Paulus ( Paul ).
However, he himself was proud that he did not become an Hellenist, but was a « Jewish Jew »: he retained the paternal language and traditions of his ancestors. Saul's father, a wealthy artisan, was considered a kind of Jewish aristocrat — he erected his pedigree to the tribe of Benjamin, from which King Saul came. Himself being a Pharisee ( as a bookbook ), Saul's father in every possible way protected his son from the temptations of the pagan environment and dreamed of the theological career of his son. When Saul was indignant, he was sent to Jerusalem to study the Scriptures, where he was trained, and, despite his youth, was respected.
When the killers dealt with the Christian first martyr St. Stephen, they folded their clothes at Saul's feet. The young man did not take part in the execution itself, but he wanted to show them his approval and for this he volunteered to guard their clothes. Soon Saul went to Damascus to reprisal Christians, but suddenly blinded on the way to this city, and then a wonderful insight followed, and he became the co-religionist of those whom he had recently been about to persecute.
The disciples of Christ did not first believe Saul, suspecting him as a scout. However, Joseph Barnabas, the guardian of the Jerusalem Church, came to his aid and almost forcibly led to the apostle Peter. Like the apostle Peter, Paul later played a paramount role in the spread of Christianity.
As church tradition says, the apostle Paul ( Postle Paul ) was executed during persecution of Christians under Emperor Nero after the fire of Rome in 64.