International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women (25/11)

Women activists around the world since 1981 celebrate November 25th Day against Violence. On December 17, 1999, the UN General Assembly, by its resolution ( A / RES / 54/134 ) declared November 25 as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women ( International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women ).

The UN invited governments, international organizations and non-governmental organizations to conduct events on this day aimed at drawing public attention to this problem.

The message of the Secretary-General noted: « Violence against women causes untold suffering, woe to families, from which both old and young suffer, and brings communities to impoverishment. It does not allow women to use all their potential opportunities, limits economic growth and undermines the development of ».

The historic premise of the Day was the event that occurred in 1960 in the Dominican Republic. On the orders of the Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo ( Rafael Trujillo ) three Mirabal sisters ( Mirabal sisters ) were brutally killed.

If we talk about individual countries, then Canada annually celebrates National Day of Remembrance and Action on Violence Against Women ( National Day of Remembrance and Action on Violence Against Women ) in memory of the events of the Montreal Pogrom ( Montreal Massacre) 1989, when 14 women were isolated and brutally killed. On this day, Canada is undergoing night shifts, political debates and other activities aimed at eliminating violence against women.

A separate big topic is domestic violence, which affects a considerable number of women. An increasing number of human rights organizations are addressing this issue, calling on all victims of violence to seek help, rather than suffering pain and humiliation.

According to the UN, 35% of women and girls in the world experience some form of physical and / or sexual abuse during their lifetime; about 200 million women and girls have undergone female genital mutilation ( mainly in Africa and some countries in the Middle East ); worldwide, about 750 million women and girls married before they reached the age of 18; women and girls make up 71% of all victims of trafficking, 3 out of 4 of them are sexually exploited. However, in a number of countries, the effects of violence against women persist for generations.

Following the outbreak of COVID-19 coronavirus infection, the incidence of violence against women and girls, especially domestic violence, continues to increase. This is a — shadow pandemic, and global collective efforts are needed to stop it. With COVID-19, the burden on medical and first aid services for victims of domestic violence has increased tremendously.

But violence against women is a violation of human rights, and this phenomenon must be opposed to complete public rejection and the corresponding legislative framework.

Therefore, every year from November 25 to December 10, when Human Rights Day is celebrated, « 16 days of the fight against violence against women are held ». This is an international campaign against gender-based violence, the activities of which are dedicated to a specific topic every year.

Also in the framework of the « Tell No Violence » campaign by UN-Women « UN-TAG1>, the 25th of each month was proclaimed » Orange Day «. The campaign, launched in 2009, aims to intensify the efforts of civil society, governments and UN agencies in the framework of progress, achieved by the Campaign of the Secretary-General « MESSAGE » ( UNiTE ) to combat violence against women. Campaigners can wear orange clothes or accessories in order to express their solidarity with the movement for a future free of violence against women and girls.

In 2017, the European Union ( EU ) and the United Nations ( UN ) launched a new long-term global initiative « Luch » aimed at eradicating all forms of violence against women and girls. In accordance with the Sustainable Development Agenda for the period up to 2030, this initiative will fully take into account the « principle, no one will be forgotten ».