Every year on November 18, Croatia commemorates the events in the city of Vukovar that took place in 1991. In 1999, the Parliament of the country proclaimed this date the Day of Remembrance.
Battle for Vukovar (Croatian Bitka za Vukovar, Serbian Bitka for Vukovar) - fighting in the area of the city of Vukovar during the war that began immediately after the proclamation of Croatian independence in the summer of 1991. Parts of the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), which by that time consisted mainly of Serbs, with the support of local Serbian military formations, began to lay siege to the city.
Despite the twenty-fold superiority of the Serbs in manpower and the overwhelming advantage in heavy equipment and weapons, the city fell only three months later, on November 18, 1991. At the same time, during the fighting, it was almost completely destroyed. About a thousand Croats and several thousand Serbs died in the fighting.
Despite the city's surrender, the defense of Vukovar was crucial in thwarting the Yugoslav government's plans for a quick takeover of Croatia. The battle caused a huge patriotic upsurge in Croatia, Vukovar was called the "Croatian Stalingrad", nowadays almost every Croatian city has a street named after him.
Vukovar remained under Serbian control until 1998, when the non-Serb population was expelled during ethnic cleansing. In 1998, after diplomatic negotiations, the city was peacefully reintegrated into Croatia. At the same time, the process of rebuilding the city and the return of refugees began.