Day of Remembrance of St. John the Chrysostom, Archbishop of Constantinople (26/11)

St. John Chrysostom, Archbishop of Constantinople — is one of the three Ecumenical saints, along with the saints Vasily the Great and Grigory the Theologian.

The future saint in Antioch was born around 347, in the family of a military leader. His father, Second, died shortly after the birth of his son; mother, Anfus, no longer began to marry and gave all her strength to the education of John. The young man studied with the best philosophers and rhetoric, early turned to an in-depth study of scripture and prayer contemplation. The saint of Meletia, the bishop of Antioch, who loved John as his son, instructed him in faith and baptized him in 367.

Three years later, St. John was put on the reader. After St. Meletius was sent into exile by Emperor Valentine, in 372, St. John, together with Theodore ( later — Bishop of Mopsuest ) studied with experienced mentors — elders Flavian and Diodor Tarsiysky — ascetic life.

In 386, St. John was the chirotonisan bishop of Antioch Flavian on the presbyter. He was entrusted with the duty to preach the Word of God. St. John turned out to be a brilliant preacher, and for the rare gift of the inspired word received from the flock the name « Zlatoust ». For twelve years, a saint, at the confluence of the people, usually twice a week, and sometimes daily, preached in the temple, shaking the hearts of the audience.

In 397, after the death of the Constantinople Archbishop of Nectarius, St. John Chrysostom was summoned from Antioch to be appointed to the Constantinople pulpit. Many things awaited the decision of the saint, but he began with the main — with the spiritual perfection of the priesthood. And here he was the best example. The funds that were intended for the archbishop, the saint turned to the contents of several hospitals and two hotels for pilgrims. The archpastor was content with meager food, refused to invite for dinners.

The zeal of the saint to affirm the Christian faith extended not only to the inhabitants of Constantinople, but also to Thrace, including the Slavs and ready, Asia Minor and the Pontic region. He was given a bishop for the Church of the Bosporus, which was in Crimea. The saint put a lot of work on the dispensation of the blessed Divine Service: he composed the rank of the Liturgy, introduced anti-phone singing for omnipotent vigil, wrote several prayers for the rank of blessing.

While in Armenia, St. John tried to strengthen his spiritual children. In numerous letters ( they survived 245 ) to the bishops of Asia, Africa, Europe and his friends in Constantinople, he comforted the suffering, instructed and supported his adherents. In the winter of 406, the saint was bedridden by illness. But his enemies did not resist. An order came from the capital to transfer him to the deaf Pitnus ( Pitsunda, in Abkhazia ). A disease-depleted saint, accompanied by a convoy, made his last transition in the rain and heat for three months. In the Cohans, forces left him. At the crypt of St. Basilisk, comforted by the appearance of the martyr ( « Do not be discouraged, brother John! Tomorrow we will be together » ), taking part in the Holy Mysteries, the universal saint with the words « Thank God for everything! » went to the Lord.

St. John Chrysostom was buried in the Komans. In 438, Prokl, Patriarch of Constantinople ( 434 — 447 ), performing a service in the Church of St. Sophia, uttered a laudable word in memory of his great teacher, in which he compared St. John Chrysostom with St. John, The forerunner of the Lord, preaching repentance and also affected by the reproof of vices.

The people, who grieved for love for St. John Chrysostom, not letting the Patriarch finish his word, began unanimously asking him to turn to the emperor with a request to transfer the holy relics of the saint from the Team to Constantinople. Saint Proclus went to King Theodosius II ( 408-450 ) and on behalf of the Church and the people asked him about it. The emperor agreed and sent special envoys with silver cancer to the Coomans in order to transport the holy relics with honor.

The inhabitants of the Team deeply mourned that they were being deprived of a great treasure, but could not resist the royal decree. When the imperial messengers began the sepulcher of St. John, they could not take his relics. Then the emperor, in remorse, wrote a message to the saint, asking him for forgiveness for himself and for his mother Eudoxia. This message was read at the tomb of St. John, put on him and committed a all-night vigil. Then they started the tomb, easily lifted the relics and brought the tomb of St. John to the ship ( remained in Komanakh, near Pitsunda ).

Then the healing of the wretched man who applied to the cover from the tomb of the saint was completed. Upon the arrival of the relics of St. John in Constantinople in 438, the whole city, headed by Patriarch Prokl, Emperor Theodosius, with all his synclite and many people came out to meet. Numerous clergy with candles, censers and round-trees took silver cancer and with chants brought it to the church of St. Martyr Irina. When Patriarch Proclus discovered the coffin, the body of St. John was not found, fragrance came from him. Having fallen to the grave, Emperor Theodosius II with tears asked the saint to forgive his mother.

The people did not leave cancer all day and all night. The next morning, the relics of the saint were assigned to the Cathedral Church of the Holy Apostles. When the cancer was placed on the patriarchal throne, all the people exclaimed with one mouth: « Take your throne, Father! ». And the Patriarch Proclus, with many standing at the crayfish, saw how St. John opened his mouth and said: « Peace be to all! ».