The Day of Military Glory - the Day of the defeat of the Nazi troops by the Soviet troops in the Battle of Stalingrad (1943) - is celebrated in Russia annually on February 2. It is established by Federal Law No. 32-FZ of March 13, 1995 "On the days of military glory (victory days) of Russia."
The plans of the Nazi command, set for the summer of 1942 during the Second World War, included the defeat of Soviet troops in the south of the USSR. July 17, 1942 began the first stage of the Battle of Stalingrad - defensive.
Specifically, the plans of the Nazis boiled down to the following: to seize the oil regions of the Caucasus, the rich agricultural regions of the Don and Kuban, disrupt communications connecting the center of the country with the Caucasus, and create conditions for ending the war in their favor. This task was entrusted to Army Groups A and B.