Memorial Day of the Holy Martyr Ermogen, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia (02/03)

The Wonderworker and Hieromartyr Hermogenes, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, came from the Don Cossacks. According to the patriarch himself, he was at first a priest in the city of Kazan at the Gostinodvorskaya church in the name of St. Nicholas. Soon he became a monk and from 1582 he was archimandrite of the Transfiguration Monastery in Kazan. In 1589 he was consecrated bishop and became the first Metropolitan of Kazan.

During the service of the future patriarch in Kazan, the miraculous Kazan Icon of the Mother of God appeared and was acquired in 1579. While still a priest, he, with the blessing of the then Kazan Bishop Jeremiah, transferred the newly-appeared icon from the place of its acquisition to the church in the name of St. Nicholas. Possessing an uncommon literary talent, the saint himself composed in 1594 a legend about the appearance of the miraculous icon and the miracles performed from it.

The activities of Patriarch Hermogenes coincided with a difficult period for the Russian state - the invasion of the impostor False Dmitry and the Polish king Sigismund III. The Primate devoted all his strength to serving the Church and the Fatherland. In this feat, Patriarch Hermogenes was not alone: he was imitated and helped by selfless Russian people. With special inspiration, His Holiness the Patriarch opposed the traitors and enemies of the Fatherland, who wanted to enslave the Russian people, introduce Uniateism and Catholicism in Russia, and eradicate Orthodoxy.