As part of the second decade of African industrial development (1991-2000), the UN General Assembly, by its resolution No. 44/237 of December 22, 1989, proclaimed November 20 as Africa Industrialization Day.
The purpose of the Day is to enlist the support of the international community in accelerating the pace of industrialization of this world region and the development of trade relations between African countries.
Despite its rich natural resources, Africa is the world's poorest and least industrialized continent. Economic backwardness is due to a wide range of factors - this is the lack of infrastructure, and the colonial past, and communication difficulties caused by linguistic diversity, and corrupt governments, and frequent military conflicts, etc.