January 19 in America celebrates the birthday of the outstanding military leader Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 - October 12, 1870). Only in the states of Alabama and Mississippi this date is celebrated on the 3rd Monday of January.
Robert Lee - one of the famous American commanders, the commander of the army of the southern Confederates in the Civil War of 1861-1865. Thanks to the talent of the general, the South, which did not have an industrial base and, therefore, the ability to fully provide for the army, managed to inflict a number of sensitive defeats on the northerners.
Once, as a teacher at the military academy at West Point, the general taught military science to his future opponents - Grant, Sherman, and other northern military leaders. And although the northerners won the final victory in the war, the victorious side still treated Robert Lee with sincere respect and emphasized reverence.
In 2003, the film "Gods and Generals" (Gods & Generals) was released on video, in which the image of Robert Lee is colorfully and truthfully shown. The film tells about the time when the American nation was divided, from 1861 to 1863, culminating in the Battle of Chancellorsville.
Today, many historians, evaluating the personality and work of Robert Lee, consider him a talented commander, but a very multifaceted and controversial personality. In his native state of Virginia, he is remembered and appreciated, as in his lifetime, and in a number of higher military institutions in some countries of the world, Robert Lee's combat tactics are studied, as they are considered a model of military art.