The Kupala ceremonies performed on the eve of the holiday ( « the night on the eve of Ivan Kupala » ) make up a complex ritual complex, including: collecting herbs and flowers, weaving wreaths, decorating buildings with green, fomenting bonfires, destroying stuffed animals, jumping over a fire or through bouquets of greenery, dousing with water, fortune telling, tracking of a witch, night atrocities.
Ivan Kupala or Kupaila — has been known among the Slavs since ancient times as a holiday of the Sun, the maturity of summer and the green mowing. People girded with dressings from flowers, put on wreaths from herbs on their heads. Driving round dances, singing songs. Old people with the friction of dry sticks mined « live fire », bred bonfires, in the middle of which they put a pole with a hot wheel mounted on it — with a symbol of the sun. Kupala holidays were performed during paganism in honor of the God of the Sun, whose wife was a light charge, a red damsel.
After moving to a new style, the holiday of Ivan Kupal falls on July 7, more precisely, on the night of July 7. Some European countries celebrate Ivanov's day or St. Ivan's Day ( the likeness of Ivan Kupala ) in the old style, in the days of the summer solstice.
Infographics – poster « July 7 — Ivan Kupala Day » Story « Adventures on Kupala Night »