Kupala rites, performed on the eve of the holiday (“the night on the eve of Ivan Kupala”), constitute a complex ritual complex, including: collecting herbs and flowers, weaving wreaths, decorating buildings with greenery, kindling fires, destroying a scarecrow, jumping over a fire or over bouquets of greenery, dousing water, divination, witch tracking, nightly excesses.
Ivan Kupala or Kupaila - since ancient times, it has been known among the Slavs as a holiday of the Sun, the maturity of summer and green mowing. People girded themselves with bandages of flowers, put wreaths of herbs on their heads. They danced and sang songs. The old people, using the friction of dry sticks, produced a “living fire”, made fires, in the middle of which they placed a pole with a burning wheel attached to it - a symbol of the sun. Kupala holidays were celebrated during pagan times in honor of the Sun God, whose wife was the luminiferous Charge, the red maiden.
After the transition to a new style, the holiday of Ivan Kupala falls on July 7, more precisely, on the night of July 7. Some European countries celebrate Ivan's Day or St. Ivan's Day (like Ivan Kupala) in the old style, on the days of the summer solstice.